113 Polio Vaccine

Holy Crap Accomplishment: POLIO VACINE

Polio was

· recurring epidemic in early 1900 in U.S.

· affected mostly the young

· most recovered quickly

· killing approximately 1 in 10 of those paralyzed.

· Most were confined to wheelchairs or iron lungs for the rest of their lives

· Became a disease parents feared most

1921: Future President Franklin Delano Roosevelt contracted polio leaving in a wheelchair the rest of his life. His ailment was largely kept from the public.

1932: Roosevelt elected U.S. President

1935: Maurice Brodie & John Kolmer create vaccine.

Thousands of parents volunteered themselves and their children for the vaccination.

One year trial ended with 9 children dying due to the vaccine.

The trial was quickly ended.


Salk begins work at Univ. of Pittsburgh.

Had dedicated his life to vaccine development.

1952: the worst epidemic of polio in the U.S. was recorded. Approximately 3,145 people died and almost 60,000 were reported to have contracted the virus.


Polio Vaccine was developed in 1955 by Dr. Jonas Saulk.

Within 2 years, by 1957, polio was reduced by 90%

1979: Polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979

1991: Polio eradicated from Western Hemisphere

2020: Polio is only found in 3 countries, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria.

Salk never patented his discovery. He never made a profit.

Holy Crap Thinking

1. Compassion for those harmed.

2. Fear of consequences.

3. Passion by professionals

4. Commitment to results

5. Overcoming major failure.

6. Sense of responsibility to the world and its future

Holy Crap Quote:

“I have had dreams, and I've had nightmares. I overcame the nightmares because of my dreams.”

“There is hope in dreams, imagination, and in the courage of those who wish to make those dreams a reality.”

“If humankind would accept and acknowledge this responsibility and become creatively engaged in the process of evolution, consciously as well as unconsciously, a new reality would emerge, and a new age could be born.”

Holy Crap Challenge:

THINK BIGGER: Think unselfish. Focus on the greater good.

REACH HIGHER: Work with others to overcome community failures and challenges.

In the end, you will do significant things. As I like to say, Great things happen when good people work together.

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